Learn how to prevent, identify and manage concussions.
Call 911 if the person is unconscious, has lost consciousness or had a seizure.
If they are conscious:
Look out for signs of a concussion in others. Symptoms may appear immediately or be felt days after an injury, especially in children and the elderly. If symptoms appear or persist, visit a physician or nurse practitioner.
A concussion is a brain injury. It can’t be seen on X-rays, CT scans or MRIs. It may affect the way a person thinks, feels and acts.
Any blow to the head, face or neck may cause a concussion. A concussion may also be caused by a blow to the body if the force of the blow causes the brain to move around inside the skull. A concussion can happen to anyone – anywhere – including:
A concussion is a serious injury. While the effects are typically short-term, a concussion can lead to long-lasting symptoms and even long-term effects.
There are many signs and symptoms of a concussion to look out for, including:
If you notice signs of a concussion in others or experience any of these symptoms yourself, consult with a physician or nurse practitioner.
You can get a concussion even if you don’t black out or lose consciousness.
Slips and falls can also increase concussion risk, especially in:
It is important to take time and heal if you have a concussion.
In some cases, concussions or repeat concussions can result in:
Ontario is a national leader in concussion management and prevention. Rowan’s Law (Concussion Safety), 2018 makes it mandatory for sports organizations to:
The new rules requiring the review of concussion awareness resources and concussion codes of conduct are expected to be in place by July 1, 2019.
The rules for removal-from-sport and return-to-sport protocols are expected to be in place by July 1, 2020.
The Ministry of Education has a concussion policy (PPM 158) for school boards, school authorities and provincial and demonstration schools. This policy is currently being updated by the Ministry of Education to be consistent with Rowan’s Law. Until PPM 158 is reissued, schools and school boards are advised to continue to follow their existing concussion policy.
In honour of the memory of Rowan Stringer, “Rowan’s Law Day” is commemorated in Ontario on the last Wednesday in September to raise awareness about concussions in sports.
Learn more about Rowan’s Law Day and how you can show your support.
Rowan’s Law is just one the many ways in which the government is committed to making sports safer in Ontario.
Download and print these posters to help build awareness about concussion safety and Rowan’s Law.
Download the Hit. Stop. Sit. poster.
This page is not intended to provide medical advice. For emergencies, please call 911 or go to your nearest hospital or emergency department. For advice on health care for concussion symptoms, please consult with a physician or nurse practitioner
Article by Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Sport help to build a strong Ontario through support for three key sectors of the economy – tourism, culture and sport and recreation.